Tras haber creado mi anterior blog cecilmundo varias personas, muchos de ellos mis alumnos, me sugirieron que creara una secciòn dentro de cecilmundo para publicar mis obras de docencia de idiomas. Dado que la cantidad de documentos de explicaciones, ejercicios y exàmenes de inglès son muy numerosos porque tengo màs de 30 años del ejercicio de la docencia, preferì estrenar blog con mis alumnos a como ellos realmente merecen. En este blog planetcecil no solo iràn mis documentos didàcticos de inglès, sino tambièn la producciòn literaria de varios alumnos que se destacan en las letras. Tambièn darè oportunidad a aquellos que tienen excelentes obras pero que no han logrado publicarlas ya que en mi paìs Nicaragua todo se mueve por la marrana polìtica, y si una no pertenece a determinado partido no verà jamàs publicado su opus. Tambièn tenemos la desgracia de contar con seudoeditores quienes al no conocer verdaderamente de literatura se convierten en mercenarios de la imprenta solo para llenarse ellos mismo de dinero y fama a costillas de los escritores. Todos aquellos que deseen participar en este blog, denlo de antemano por suyo. Aunque lleve mi nombre en un arranque de egolatrìa, yo soy sencillamente vuestra servidora.Cecilia

Las alas de la educación

Las alas de la educación
La educación es un viaje sin final.

La lección de física

La lección de física
Casi aprendida

domingo, 24 de febrero de 2008

Brindando con una taza de cafè




El cafè ha sido una bebida adictiva desde que fue descubierta por un pastor de ovejas de la vieja Abisinia(hoy Etiopìa).He aqui algunos poemas y pensamientos en torno a lo que el francès Honorato de Balzac llamò "màs imprescindible que el agua misma." Aquì tenemos una recopilaciòn en español e inglès para aquellas personas para quien el dìa no ha comenzado si no beben una taza del "elìxir moreno de los dioses màs comprensivos"(lo dijo Marx y no yo.)
Poemas, pensamientos e historia sobre el cafè
Todos menos el poema de Darìo traducidos al castellano por Cecilia Ruiz de Rìos.


EL CAFÉ

Honorato de Balzac

”El cafè deberìa ser negro como el infierno,
Fuerte y definitivo como la muerte
Y como el amor dulce y tierno.
Es por eso que una taza de cafè
Puede ser el puente hacia màs de 40 años de amistad sincera.No es de asombrarse que esta bebida de los dioses fuera
tan estimulante,
Como una conversación bien lograda, interesante y excitante
quitàndonos el sueño pero sin impedirnos,despiertos,soñar,
y asì bajo su efecto, hasta poder por los cielos navegar.”

.
“Una taza de cafè-café real.tostado al estilo casero, molido, que viene hacia tì como un ojo pardo visto negro por la oscuridad, pero que cambia a un bronceado àureo cuando lo combinas con una crema que nunca supo de engaños, que fue crema genuina desde su nacimiento,espesa, tiernamente amarillenta, perfectamente dulcem sin grumos ni espumoso…Ay, que esa taza de cafè es la medida para 20 diablos azules y lograrà exorcisarles a todos ellos.”
Henry Ward Beecher , teòlogo estadounidense del siglo XIX

UNA TAZA DE CAFE

Un genio de las Mil y Una noches escapa raudo, como el primer bouquet del vino,
De la humeante taza que està al lado de mi pergamino
Es la bebida del gozo,
Sangre oscura mora
Ora
dulce, ora amarga
Deleitando con su carga
que brota del ancestral pozo
Abierto hace milenios por el abisinio Kaldi el pastor.
Es la bebida que aborrece Morfeo y para algunos, el elìxir del amor.
Bendita seas Etiopía
y luego Arabia y despuès Turquìa
por haber extricado de la savia de la moca
el cafè que agiliza cuanto toca
y sin dejarnos la razòn loca.
No vivirìa sin tì jamàs,
Esencia para el alma,
Y dèjame seguir libando de tì màs y màs
Cafè, extracto de la tierra, que sin tì no tengo calma.

Ruben Darìo
1882




CAFÉ
Solimàn El Magnìfico, sultàn de la dinastía osmanlì

“De mirada oscura, de lejos eres negro, jinn del amor.
Pero al aproximarte con tu cadencia lìquida y suave
Me quitas la somnolencia, ,y espantas el sopor,
Y me echas la imaginación a volar.
La calidez de tu caricia siento bajar
Por mi cuello, cuerpo adentro, bajo la piel
Para buscar la raìz de mi paz,con dulzura de miel.
Mientras màs te tengo, màs te deseo, con una voracidad
Que desafìa descripción,pues al no tenerte te busco con ansiedad.
para encontrar ese sosiego a mi modo
que solo tù me puedes dar con sabor a cielo,a sol oscuro, pero sobre todo
y a verdad.”


A BASIC HISTORY OF COFFEE by historian Cecilia Ruiz de Rìos:
Prior to 1000 A.D.: Members of the Galla tribe in Ethiopia notice that they get an energy boost when they eat a certain berry, ground up and mixed with animal fat. 1000 A.D.: Arab traders bring coffee back to their homeland and cultivate the plant for the first time on plantations. They also began to boil the beans, creating a drink they call "qahwa" (literally, that which prevents sleep). 1453: Coffee is introduced to Constantinople by Ottoman Turks. The world's first coffee shop, Kiva Han, open there in 1475. Turkish law makes it legal for a woman to divorce her husband if he fail to provide her with her daily quota of coffee. 1511: Khair Beg, the corrupt governor of Mecca, tries to ban coffee for feat that its influence might foster opposition to his rule. The sultan sends word that coffee is sacred and has the governor executed. 1600: Coffee, introduced to the West by Italian traders, grabs attention in high places. In Italy, Pope Clement VIII is urged by his advisers to consider that favorite drink of the Ottoman Empire part of the infidel threat. However, he decides to "baptize" it instead, making it an acceptable Christian beverage by brewing it with holy water to cheat Satan out of any prank he may play.. 1607: Captain John Smith helps to found the colony of Virginia at Jamestown. It's believed that he introduced coffee to North America, and first Indian to have tasted it was his lover the Princess Pocahontas.. 1645: First coffeehouse opens in Italy. 1652: First coffeehouse opens in England. Coffee houses multiply and become such popular forums for learned and not so learned - discussion that they are dubbed "penny universities" (a penny being the price of a cup of coffee). 1668: Coffee replaces beer as New York's City's favorite breakfast drink. 1668: Edward Lloyd's coffeehouse opens in England and is frequented by merchants and maritime insurance agents. Eventually it becomes Lloyd's of London, the best-known insurance company in the world. 1672: First coffeehouse opens in Paris.1675: The Turkish Army surrounds Vienna. Franz Georg Kolschitzky, a Viennese who had lived in Turkey, slips through the enemy lines to lead relief forces to the city. The fleeing Turks leave behind sacks of "dry black fodder" that Kolschitzky recognizes as coffee. He claims it as his reward and opens central Europe's first coffee house. He also establishes the habit of refining the brew by filtering out the grounds, sweetening it, and adding a dash of milk. 1690: With a coffee plant smuggled out of the Arab port of Mocha, the Dutch become the first to transport and cultivate coffee commercially, in Ceylon and in their East Indian colony - Java, source of the brew's nickname.1713: The Dutch unwittingly provide Louis XIV of France with a coffee bush whose descendants will produce entire Western coffee industry when in 1723 French naval officer Gabriel Mathieu do Clieu steals a seedling and transports it to Martinique. Within 50 years and official survey records 19 million coffee trees on Martinique. Eventually, 90 percent of the world's coffee spreads from this plant.1721: First coffee house opens in Berlin.1727: The Brazilian coffee industry gets its start when Lieutenant colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta is sent by government to arbitrate a border dispute between the French and the Dutch colonies in Guiana. Not only does he settle the dispute, but also strikes up a secret liaison with the wife of French Guiana's governor. Although France guarded its New World coffee plantations to prevent cultivation from spreading, the lady said good-bye to Palheta with a bouquet in which she hid cuttings and fertile seeds of coffee.1732: Johann Sebastian Bach composes his Kaffee-Kantate. Partly an ode to coffee and partly a stab at the movement in Germany to prevent women from drinking coffee (it was thought to make them sterile), the cantata includes the aria, "Ah! How sweet coffee taste! Lovelier than a thousand kisses, sweeter far than muscatel wine! I must have my coffee."1773: The Boston Tea Party makes drinking coffee a patriotic duty in America.1775: Prussia's Frederick the Great tries to block inports of green coffee, as Prussia's wealth is drained. Public outcry changes his mind.1886: Former wholesale grocer Joel Cheek names his popular coffee blend "Maxwell House," after the hotel in Nashville, TN where it's served.Early 1900's: In Germany, afternoon coffee becomes a standard occasion. The derogatory term "KaffeeKlatsch" is coined to describe women's gossip at these affairs. Since broadened to mean relaxed conversation in general.1900: Hills Bros. begins packing roast coffee in vacuum tins, spelling the end of the ubiquitous local roasting shops and coffee mills.1901: The first soluble "instant" coffee is invented by Japanese-American chemist Satori Kato of Chicago.1903: German coffee importer Ludwig Roselius turn a batch of ruined coffee beans over to researchers, who perfect the process of removing caffeine from the beans without destroying the flavor. He markets it under the brand name "Sanka." Sanka is introduced to the United States in 1923.1906: George Constant Washington, an English chemist living in Guatemala, notices a powdery condensation forming on the spout of his silver coffee carafe. After experimentation, he creates the first mass-produced instant coffee (his brand is called Red E Coffee).1907: In less than a century Brazil accounted for 97% of the world's harvest.1920: Prohibition goes into effect in United States. Coffee sales boom.1938: Having been asked by Brazil to help find a solution to their coffee surpluses, Nestle company invents freeze-dried coffee. Nestle develops Nescafe and introduces it in Switzerland.1940: The US imports 70 percent of the world coffee crop.1942: During W.W.II, American soldiers are issued instant Maxwell House coffee in their ration kits. Back home, widespread hoarding leads to coffee rationing.1946: In Italy, Achilles Gaggia perfects his espresso machine. Cappuccino is named for the resemblance of its color to the robes of the monks of the Capuchin order.1969: One week before Woodstock the Manson Family murders coffee heiress Abigail Folger as she visits with friend Sharon Tate in the home of filmmaker Roman Polanski.1971: Starbucks opens its first store in Seattle's Pike Place public market, creating a frenzy over fresh-roasted whole bean coffee.