Tras haber creado mi anterior blog cecilmundo varias personas, muchos de ellos mis alumnos, me sugirieron que creara una secciòn dentro de cecilmundo para publicar mis obras de docencia de idiomas. Dado que la cantidad de documentos de explicaciones, ejercicios y exàmenes de inglès son muy numerosos porque tengo màs de 30 años del ejercicio de la docencia, preferì estrenar blog con mis alumnos a como ellos realmente merecen. En este blog planetcecil no solo iràn mis documentos didàcticos de inglès, sino tambièn la producciòn literaria de varios alumnos que se destacan en las letras. Tambièn darè oportunidad a aquellos que tienen excelentes obras pero que no han logrado publicarlas ya que en mi paìs Nicaragua todo se mueve por la marrana polìtica, y si una no pertenece a determinado partido no verà jamàs publicado su opus. Tambièn tenemos la desgracia de contar con seudoeditores quienes al no conocer verdaderamente de literatura se convierten en mercenarios de la imprenta solo para llenarse ellos mismo de dinero y fama a costillas de los escritores. Todos aquellos que deseen participar en este blog, denlo de antemano por suyo. Aunque lleve mi nombre en un arranque de egolatrìa, yo soy sencillamente vuestra servidora.Cecilia

Las alas de la educación

Las alas de la educación
La educación es un viaje sin final.

La lección de física

La lección de física
Casi aprendida

sábado, 27 de julio de 2013

ULPIANO KOLA KOLA VE EL NUEVO MUNDO

Abenakis 
     The Abenaki Indians have been native New Englanders for thousands of years, but are still looking for recognition from their neighbors.
Alabamas 
     The Native Americans who gave their name to the state of Alabama, the Alabamas have merged politically with their allies the Coushattas.
Algonquins 
     Often confused with other American Indian tribes known as "Algonquians," the Algonquins live in the modern Ontario/Quebec area of Canada.
Apaches 
     Relatives of the Navajos, the Apache Indians are best-known for their fierce military resistance against the Mexicans and Americans, under the leadership of warriors like Geronimo and Cochise.
Apalachees 
     Original people of northern Florida, the Apalachee Indians were driven west and their descendants live in Louisiana today.
Arapahos 
     The Arapaho Indians were originally farming people, but once horses were introduced to the Americas, they began to follow the buffalo herds like the Cheyenne and Sioux.
Arikaras 
     Devastated by epidemics, the Arikara tribe has merged with their neighbors the Mandans and Hidatsas.
Assiniboines 
     Relatives of the Sioux tribes, the Assiniboines were known as big game hunters and expert traders.
Atakapas 
     American Indians of the Gulf Coast, the Atakapas are known today for their contributions to zydeco music.
Atikameks 
     The Atikamekw are a small, traditional Native American tribe that still speaks their native language  and lives off the land.
Beothuks 
     The Beothuks or "Red Indians" were the original inhabitants of Newfoundland, Canada.Tragically, they died out in the 1800's.
Blackfoot 
     Four tribes make up this powerful Plains Indian nation: the Blackfoot (Blackfeet) in Montana and the Siksika, Piikani, and Kainai in Canada.
Caddos 
     Native Americans of Texas and the Southern Plains, the Caddo Indians were farming people known for their pottery art.
Calusas 
     Although the Calusa Indians of southern Florida were not agricultural people, they built technologically advanced cities with windbreaks, seawalls, piers, and canal systems.
Catawbas 
     The Catawba were one of the few southeastern Indian tribes not deported to Oklahoma, and they have preserved their native pottery-making traditions among other customs.
Cayugas 
     Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Cayuga tribe are Native Americans
     of upstate New York.
Cherokees 
     Original people of the American Southeast, most Cherokees were forcibly deported to
     Oklahoma along the infamous Trail of Tears.
Cheyennes 
     Plains Indians who depended on the buffalo for survival, the Cheyennes have survived several American massacres.
Chickasaws 
     The Chickasaws were one of several Southeast Indian tribes forced to move to Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears.
Chinooks 
     Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Chinook Indians were well-known as expert traders.
Chippewas 
     Also known as the Ojibway, Ojibwe, or Ojibwe, the Chippewa tribe are one of the largest   and most powerful nations.
Chumash 
     Native Americans of southern California, the Chumash were fishing people known for their unusual plank canoes.
Choctaws 
     Despite losing their homes in the infamous Trail of Tears, the Choctaw Indians gave what they had to help Irish famine victims in the 1800's, and are still admired by Irish people today.
Coeur d'Alene 
     American Indians of the Great Plateau, the Coeur d'Alenes were master fishermen and traders.
Comanches 
     Kinfolk of the Shoshone, the Comanche Indians split off from the Shoshones long ago and migrated to the Southern Plains.
Coushattas 
     Also known as the Koasatis, the Coushattas have merged politically with their allies the Alabamas.
Creeks 
     Also known as the Muskogees, the Creeks were one of the most important tribes of the  American southeast, but most of them were forced to relocate to Oklahoma in the 1800's.
Crees 
     The Cree are one of the largest native groups in North America and have had a major impact  on Canadian history.
Crows 
     The Crow are a northern Plains tribe, famous for their expert horsemanship and especially long hair.
Dakotas 
     The Dakota tribe are one of the largest and best-known Native American nations of the Great Plains.
Gros Ventres 
     The Gros Ventre were kinfolk of the Arapaho, and called themselves A'aninin, the White Clay People.
Haidas 
     Native Americans of the Northwest Coast, the Haida tribe is known for their huge seafaring canoes.
Hidatsas 
     Devastated by epidemics, the Hidatsa tribe has merged with their neighbors the Mandans and Arikaras.
Hochunks/Winnebagos 
     Unlike other Siouan tribes, the Hochunks never gave up their farming villages in favor of a migratory life.
Hopis 
     Known as the Peaceful People, the Hopi Indians were expert farmers and artists.
Hurons/Wyandots 
     The Wyandots, who lived on both sides of the modern US-Canadian border, were an important trading tribe.
Illini 
     The state of Illinois was named after the Illini Indians, who were nearly wiped out by war in the 1700's.
Innus 
     The Montagnais and Naskapi have different tribal names but consider themselves part of the same Native American culture, the Innu.
Ioways 
     Together with their cousins the Otoe and Missouri Native Americans, the Ioways are Plains Indians  who once hunted the great buffalo herds.
Iroquois 
     The powerful Iroquois Confederacy was known for their war prowess, but also for their government, which  was one of the examples of representative democracy used as a model by America's founding fathers.
Kansas (Kaws) 
     The Kansa Indians are the tribe after whom the state of Kansas was named.
Kickapoos 
     Fiercely independant, many Kickapoo people fled all the way to Mexico rather than surrender to the Americans.
Kiowas 
     Plains Indian people, the Kiowa migrated frequently to follow the buffalo herds they depended on.
Kwakiutl 
     Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Kwakiutl tribe is known for their tall totem poles.
Lakotas 
     The Lakota tribe are one of the largest and best-known Native American nations of the Great Plains.
Lenni Lenape 
     The Lenape or Delawares are considered by many Indians to be the eldest Algonquian tribe.
Lumbees 
     The Lumbees are the descendants of the Carolina Indians who helped the Roanoake Colony.
Makah 
     Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, the Makah Indians were well-known as expert whalers.
Maliseets 
     The Maliseet people are original residents of the Canadian Maritimes. They are renowned  for their beadwork and artistry.
Mandans 
     The Mandans were primarily farming people, but like other Plains tribes, followed the buffalo herds on seasonal hunts.
Maricopas 
     American Indians of the Southwest deserts, the Maricopas were agricultural people known for their elaborate tattoos.
Menominees 
     Original people of Wisconsin, the Menominee tribe is named after their staple food, wild rice.
Miamis 
     The Miami Indians lived not in Florida, but in the Midwest: Indiana, Illinois and Ohio.
Miccosukees 
     One of the tribes that made up the powerful Seminole alliance, the Miccosukees were original people of southern Georgia and northern Florida, but retreated into the Everglades  when the Americans attacked them.
Micmacs 
     The Micmac (or Mi'kmaq) people still live in their original homeland in Nova Scotia today, where they are fighting for the right to fish and hunt as their ancestors used to.
Missouris 
     Together with their cousins the Ioway and Otoe Native Americans, the Missouria are Plains Indians who once hunted the great buffalo herds.
Mojaves 
     American Indians of the Southwestern desert, the Mojaves were farming people known for their  elaborate tattoos.
Mohawks 
     Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Mohawk tribe are Native Americans of upstate New York.
Mohegans 
     Frequently confused with the Mohicans due to a poorly-researched literary classic, the Mohegan     people consist of many originally independent tribes including the Pequots and Montauks.
Mohicans 
     Frequently confused with the Mohegans due to a poorly-researched literary classic, the Mohican
     tribe was not driven to extinction, merely exiled to Wisconsin.
Montauk 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Munsee 
     The Munsee people were original inhabitants of Long Island and New York State, but were driven to Wisconsin and Ontario by colonial expansion.
Nanticokes 
     The Nanticoke people were known for their sympathy to escaped slaves, many of whom they sheltered.
Narragansett 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Navajos 
     The largest nation of Native Americans in the United States, famous for their beautiful rugs and their intricate language which was used as a code in World War II.
Nez Perce 
     The Nez Perce were originally a fishing culture, but once they acquired horses, they began following the buffalo herds.
Niantic 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Nipmuc 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Okanagan 
     Interior Salish people, the Okanagans were salmon fishermen and traders.
Omahas 
     The Omahas are Plains Indians of the prairie, who once relied on the buffalo herds for food.
Oneidas 
     Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Oneida tribe are Native Americans of upstate New York.
Onondagas 
     Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Onondaga are Native American Indians of upstate New York.
Osage 
     The Osage are Plains Indians of the prairie, known for their intricate tribal tattoos (which only distinguished warriors and their female relatives could wear.)
Otoes 
     Together with their cousins the Ioway and Missouri Native Americans, the Otoe are Plains Indians who once hunted the great buffalo herds.
Ottawas 
     The native nation Canada's capital city was named for, the Ottawas are kinfolk of the Ojibways.
Passamaquoddies 
     The Passamaquoddy people are original residents of Maine, where they still live today.
Pawnees 
     The Pawnee Indians were known as scouts and allies of the Americans.
Penobscot 
     The Penobscot people are original residents of Maine, where they still live today.
Pequot 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Pocumtuck 
     A subtribe of the Mohican American Indians, the Pocumtuc tribe had distinct leadership and a unique history.
Poncas 
     The Poncas are Plains Indians of the prairie, who once relied on the buffalo herds for food.
Potawatomi 
     The Potawatomi were traditionally the fire-keepers in the powerful Three Fires alliance of Indians.
Powhatans 
     The Powhatan Confederacy is most famous for being the tribe of the real Pocahontas, but they were also a powerful empire controlling most of Virginia.
Pueblos 
     Named after their sophisticated adobe housing complexes, the Pueblo Indians are native people of New Mexico.
Quapaw 
     The Quapaw Indian tribe were better-known to white Americans as the Akansea, and that's where the name of the state Arkansas came from.


Quileute 
     The real Quileute Indians are not werewolves, but they do consider wolves their tribal ancestors.
Sac and Fox 
     These two American Indian tribes allied in the 1700's, when the Sac protected their kinfolk the Fox from a French attempt to wipe them out. Many still live together today.
Seminoles 
     The Seminole Nation was originally a confederation of several different southeastern tribes, and were also influenced by the many escaped African slaves who joined them for protection. Today the Seminoles are a united tribe.
Senecas 
     Members of the powerful Iroquois Confederacy, the Seneca are Native American Indians of
     upstate New York.
Shawnees 
     The nomadic Shawnee tribe had settlements from New York State to Georgia, but were
     rejoined into one tribe when the US government deported them to Oklahoma together.
Shinnecock 
     One of many small tribes of Algonquian Native Americans from southern New England.
Shoshonis 
     The Shoshone tribe ranged across a vast territory in the west, and different bands had different traditional lifestyles.
Sioux 
     The Sioux Indians, who call themselves "Lakota" or "Dakota," are one of the largest and  best-known Native American tribes of the Great Plains.
Tlingits 
     American Indians of the Northwest Coast, the Tlingit tribe is known for their intricate cedar-bark weavings.
Tonkawas 
     The Tonkawa were originally Native Americans of Texas, but were forced to move  to Oklahoma along with many other Texas Indians.
Tuscaroras 
     Originally from the American Southeast, the Tuscaroras moved north after the British took over to join the powerful Iroquois Confederacy.
Utes 
     The Ute Indians are Native Americans of the Great Basin area between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada.
Wabanakis 
     The Wabanaki Confederacy was a powerful alliance of east-coast American Indians.
Wampanoag 
     The Native Americans who shared in the first Thanksgiving feast, the Wampanoag tribe  met a sad fate at the hands of the English.
Wappingers 
     A subtribe of the Mohican American Indians, the Wappinger tribe had distinct leadership and a unique history.
Wichitas 
     The Wichita were originally Native Americans of Texas, but were forced to move
     to Oklahoma along with many other Texas Indians.


Wiyots 
     The Wiyots are northern California Indians who were tragically massacred during the Gold Rush era.Only a few Wiyot descendants remain today, merged with Yurok and Hupa neighbors.
Yakama 
     Native Americans of the Great Plateau, the Yakamas were master fishermen and traders.
Yuchis 
     Though the US government considers the Yuchi people part of the Creek tribe, they have always been politically independent of the Creeks and have a unique culture all their own.
Yuroks 
     Kinfolk of the Wiyot, the two peoples have nearly merged after ethnic violence against them in the 1800's.
Zunis 
     American Indians of New Mexico, the Zunis speak a different language and have some different customs than the other Pueblos.